Goa – The paradise of Beaches
Being India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population, Goa is a popular vacation destination in India. It was ranked the best placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.
Goa’s history goes back to the third century BC when it was part of the great Mauryan kingdom of the Emperor Ashoka. After his death in 232 BC, the region came under the rule of various Hindu dynasties such as the Satavahanas, Kshatrapas, Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas. An indigenous dynasty, the Kadambas, rose to power in the 10th century. They ruled for over three hundred years and made Goa into a major maritime power using the natural harbours to make Goa a thriving centre of maritime trade.
The most famous festival here is the Goa Carnival that is held in the month of February, every year. Apart from this, Ganesh Chaturthi, Feast of the Three Kings, Good Friday, Sao Joao Festival, Shigmotsav (Holi) and St. Francis Day are celebrated.
The most spoken language here is Konkani but Marathi is also equally used among the people here.
The cuisine is mostly seafood-based; the staple foods are rice and fish. Kingfish is the most common delicacy. Other seafood delicacies include pomfret, shark, tuna, and mackerel. Among the shellfish are crabs, prawns, tiger prawns, lobster, squid, and mussels. The food of Goan Christians is heavily influenced by the Portuguese.
Best time to visit:
Mid-November to Mid-February: These are the best months to visit the party capital since the weather is pleasantly cool and comfortable. It’s the perfect time to relax on the beaches.
- There are about 7000 bars in Goa
- Remains of St. Francis Xavier at Basilica of Bom Jesus in old Goa is 400 years old and is still in a non-decomposing state.
- The first printing press of Asia was installed at St. Paul’s college in Goa in 1956.
- Goa is the richest state in India having a GDP per capita of two-and-a-half times that of the whole country.
- Not many people know this but Goan people can apply and avail a Portuguese passport along with the Indian one.
- Located in the coastal waters of Panaji, Goa, “Caravela” is the Asia’s only floating casino.